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High School Materials
"Niki's Next Grade"
"Hitting is red. I
already learned that.
Then I learned to stop."
Green (2003) © "Red and Green
"Last year when the
next grade came I made red choices. As soon as I got off
the bus, I flinged my backpack in the air until it
landed. I ran out of the classroom. I ran until I
stopped. I wanted to go back to my last year's grade.
Then I got red."
"Every night before
bed I put a green "X" on the day. That means the day is
over. The calendar has 12 squares left before that
Wednesday. That one Wednesday square has 'SCHOOL STARTS'
written in it. My mom wrote it with her green marker."
"I watched my mom walk
over slow to me. I saw her lips together. I saw her eyes
squeezed together at me. I was thinking while she was
walking. I stopped stomping my feet. I stopped jumping
up and down. I stopped thinking about flinging my towel
in the air until it landed."
Taken from "Niki's Next Grade" Book Cover,
"Niki is very
uncomfortable and scared with the new next grade change.
Sometimes Niki makes red school choices during the next grade
change. Niki wants mom, dad, family, and teachers to be happy
and proud. But Niki especially wants Mrs. Kriggs to be the
proudest. Mrs. Kriggs is Niki's small group teacher. She
showed Niki what red and green choices are. Niki learned it a
long time ago. Niki is older now, and wants to make green
school choices this time. Niki is being brave. Then Niki makes
a plan. Niki makes a green school choice plan."
-Author, Green Irene
"I was very scared. I did not want
new next grade teachers. I didn't want a new next grade desk. I didn't
want anything new next grade nothing. But my mom and Mrs. Kriggs said
everybody gets new next grade teachers and new next grade things. They
said that's what happens when you go to the next grade."
"When I was littler at next grade
orientation, I didn't like my new next grade desk. So I ran out of the
room. I ran until I stopped. I ran all the way down the hall. I ran to
my last year's grade homeroom. Then I lied on the floor and screamed
by my last year's desk. My last year's desk did not have my name on
it. It had a different name on it. Then I tore that name off and
flinged it in the air until it landed... Then Mrs. Wilson told my mom
to go and get Mrs. Kriggs. I know what that means. So I stood right up
and waited by the door as green as I could until Mrs. Kriggs came. She
said nothing, just snapped her finger and pointed. I walked to her
room as green as I could and stood in the box as green as I could. I
got red at next grade orientation."
"I can think of something since I'm
older now. I am going to take care of going to the next grade on my
own. I want to make green choices this time. I am going to be ok."
Taken from "Niki's Next Grade" Preface,
"Mrs. Kriggs has been Niki’s designated
adult for the past three years at school. She is the small
group instruction resource room teacher who has students with
mild, severe to explosive behavioral concerns. Mrs. Kriggs
makes available supports and behavioral strategies for other
teachers and her students in large group environments. Mrs.
Kriggs also provides behavioral assistance for students in the
community and home environments...
Mrs. Kriggs has
already established a positive behavioral relationship with
Niki based upon the theory of behavioral trust. Niki has
always had a very difficult time with the beginning of school
years and especially the next grade. This is a natural
occurring school process, which may claim nervousness in all
children at one time or another. But Niki responds
Niki needs a lot of
behavioral supports and adult guided red and green choice
strategies during this time of transition and change. Niki is
still developing positive behaviors to respond appropriately
with changing grades. Niki does monitor school behaviors well
through Mrs. Kriggs’ placement of red and green choice lists
to encourage self-prompting. But the next grade will be very
Niki’s mom has also
developed a behavioral relationship with Niki. Niki has red
and green home choices, too. Niki’s mom uses a lot of the same
techniques as Mrs. Kriggs. Niki’s mom really sees the red and
green working at home...
Niki’s mom and Mrs.
Kriggs have developed a behavioral relationship throughout the
past three years. They stay in close contact and communication
through Niki’s growing behavioral development and maturation
process. Niki’s behavioral concerns change, and so do Mrs.
Kriggs’ and mom’s red and green choice strategies...
During Niki’s next grade transitions,
Niki decides to try and manage the known behavioral concerns
with the change. Niki knows how this big change feels, and
wants to take care of it with no help. Niki is being very
brave. Niki wants mom, dad, family and teachers to be proud.
Niki especially wants Mrs. Kriggs to see the change, and for
her to be the proudest."
-Author, Green Irene
Click Then Print:
Click then Print
This could also lead to an eventual uncontrollable situation if
Try to intervene and provide explanations so students are aware of
Set high, reasonable, and achievable behavioral standards. Then expect
the student to choose acceptable and tolerable green solutions to
Continue to monitor consequences. Is it STILL worth it to the student?
I created an explanation similar to this for a high-functioning ASD
student in third grade. Red complaining included phrases inappropriate
for school ("I hate school!", "I won't do it!", etc.), after finding
fault in unforeseeable circumstances in the large group classroom. The
situations included taking a test, then having no time for a book, a
sudden change, or disliking an assigned task.
The student needed assistance adapting to changing and somewhat
unpredictable conditions within the school day. Or, at times the
student needed to follow directions and complete assigned tasks when
In this picture, I wanted him to "see" what 'red complaining' looked
like, and how the other children are responding.
We always talk, write words, and draw possible acceptable and
tolerable solutions to each and every situation as they occur, in
green. We do the same for unacceptable and intolerable red responses
to stimuli. We practice situations in the resource room, and
discuss the consequences to behavioral choices.
To make sure he knew what "complain" meant, we looked it up in the
dictionary. Then he wrote down the definition and copied (in red) the
aide's list of "red complain phrases". (I write down exact phrases
students say during these times, to use later. I also direct my
instructional aides to do the same. It is very easy to forget what
EXACTLY was said.)
The student is well aware of what I do when 'red complain' happens. It
was explained, expected, then chosen. He knows red complaining takes
off five minutes of beloved computer time (high response item or
natural reinforcer). But this red consequence needed to be practiced,
and eventually accepted. For this student, when break-time comes, it
is not fun to sit at his desk with nothing but the timer for five
minutes - before going to the 'green choice computer'. The computer is
his desired chosen end product, or result.
& Logo is a
® TM of Green Irene: Materials/Charts May Be Printed
For Personal Use to Supplement An Individual's Red and Green
Choices Behavioral Development Strategy
Make Your Own
Chart - For Any Place -Like Niki's "Mom is Busy" Chart -"Yes
- Green _____ Choices" and "NO - ____ Red
Choices" - Fill In The Blanks!
"In The Hall" Red and Green Choices - Print
The Sheet & Place in Different Classrooms - Carry a Card
Each Time You Walk in the Hall So You Can Remember, Too!
Make Your Own List For School:
"____'s Red and Green Choices in _____'s Room" -
It Already Has a Few of Niki's Choices
Make Your Own "Daily
Sheet Home" for School - Have Your Teacher or Parent
Fill Out the Subjects or Your Schedule, Then the Teacher
Can Write Every Green Choice You Made at School - Try to
Get "All Green Days" Like Niki! Your Mom or Dad and
Teacher Will Be So Proud!
Make Your Own "Sticker
Chart" - Have an Adult Fill In Each Area with a
Subject or Timeframe - Like 'Homeroom', 'Check-In' -
Choose Green, and Put a Sticker in That Square! Choose
Red and Get a Red X in That Square, Instead of a
Make Your Own Red and Green
Choices "On The Bus" Chart to Help You
Remember Your Choices - Maybe You Can Earn A Sticker on
Your Bus Chart Like Niki!
© 2004 Green Irene
The Material Presented from "Red
and Green Choices", Is Based Upon Irene's Own Behavioral
Strategies, and What Types of Behavioral
Outcomes With Her and Her Students When Applying Red and Green Choices Behavioral Principles